Pyro = heat. Lysis = break down.
Pyrolysis is chemical reaction. This reaction involves molecular breakdown of larger molecules into smaller molecules in presence of heat. Pyrolysis is also known as thermal cracking, cracking, thermolysis, depolymerization, etc.
Plastic pyrolysis is: the process of converting waste plastic into industrial fuels like Pyrolysis Oil, Carbon Black and Hydrocarbon Gas.
Plastic pyrolysis involves subjecting plastic to high temperature of 400 to 450 degree Celsius, in absence of oxygen. In case of oxygen is present plastic will start burning. During pyrolysis plastic breaks down into smaller molecules of pyrolysis oil, pyrolysis gas and carbon black. Pyrolysis is great a way of recycling waste plastics. This plant can also used for waste tire recycling.
|Input raw materials||Waste plastic, PP, PE, PS, ABS, MSW|
|End products||Fuel oil, carbon black, combustible gas||Heating material||Coal, charcoal, wood, fuel gas, fuel oil|
|Model (Diameter*Length) (mm)||Reactor size||Capacity|
|Reactor material||Q345R/Q245R/310S+Boiler plate/Stainless steel||Thickness||14mm/16mm/18mm||Weight||15T-35T||Power||Average 15KW/h||Space needed||300-400 square meters (Width:10m, Length:30m-40m)||Labor needed||3-4 workers||Density of oil||0.89g/cm3||Combustion value||44.30KJ/KG|
|45% Pyrolysis oil (tire oil/plastic oil)||1. Add it into heavy oil generator to produce electricity. 2. Used as heating material. 3. Sell it into oil refining factory to further process it.||Ceramic factory, glass factory, electric power factory, steel making factory, boiler factory…etc.|
|30% Carbon black||1. Make it into pellet or briquette for burning. 2. Further process it into color master batch as basic material to make pipes, cable jacket…etc.||Coal briquette factory, plastic factory, cable factory, etc.|
|10% Waste gas||Recycled into fire furnace to heat reactor to save fuel material.|
|Raw material||Oil ratio|
|PP (microwave oven food box/yogurt bottles etc)||50%-75%|
|PE(plastic film /plastic wrap)||50%-75%|
|PS (smack-box/blister box)||50%-75%|
|ABS (engineering plastics)||40%|
|Leftovers of paper||Wet 15-20%, dry 60%|
|PVC (raincoat/building materials)||Not suitable|
|PET (water bottles/sodas beverage)||Not suitable|
Wastes = Wealth! Chick to get your local profit analysis!